||, Pittsburgh, PA|
After studying marine biology and zoology, worked for the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries as a writer and bureaucrat, while at the same time writing popular science articles for magazines. In 1941 published Under the Sea-Wind, the first in a series of books about the ocean. Turned her attention to the "indiscriminate" use of pesticides, and 1962 book Silent Spring set off a national controversy in the U.S. and gave new life to the conservationist movement. Childhood home northeast of Pittsburgh in Springdale is open to the public as museum to her life and accomplishments.