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  • 5 PPG Place
    3rd Ave. & Market St.
    Pittsburgh, PA 15222
  • Category: Landmarks
  • Sub-Category: African American History Tour
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Martin R. Delany (1812-1885)

Martin Delany (1918-1885), a soldier from Pittsburgh and the first African American officer in United States Colored Troops, is highlighted in the exhibit Slave to Soldier at the Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Hall & Museum. Delany was commissioned as a major, becoming the first Black Line Field Officer in the U.S. Army. In 1863, after Abraham Lincoln called for a military draft, Delany began recruiting Black men for the Union Army. His efforts in Rhode Island, Connecticut, and later Ohio, garnered thousands of enlistees, with many joining the newly formed Union States Colored Troops. Delaney published the Black newspaper The Mystery in 1843 during his stay in Pittsburgh.